Some decades ago, a doctor or a phlebotomist who is meant to draw out blood from the patient’s body may execute the procedure just by making use of the syringe and the needle. Until some years back, doctors, medical assistants and nurses were meant to carry out the duties of a phlebotomist until recently when profound improvements are being experienced in the medical community. This has led to an independent establishment of a medical phlebotomist to carry out the responsibilities of collecting blood from donors or patients.
These improvements in health practices have eased the stress of most nurses and doctors in combining that duty to their own field of work. Previously, it was not an easy fit for the medical experts but with the present existence of the phlebotomist the whole workload has been reduced and the issue resolved.
The most frequently used and most fundamental phlebotomy supplies are the syringe and needles. Part of these tools are some others such as blood collection tubes and its varying forms of top designs, needles and needle components ,multiple draw needles, butterfly needles, lancelets, tourniquets, bandaging materials, blood culture bottles, disposable containers and sterilization materials.
In some countries, the phlebotomy supplies they make use of are just needles, syringes, cotton wools, tourniquet and sterilizing materials. While most developed countries make use of evacuated tube system which is made up of plastic hub, vacuum tube, hypodermic needle, multiple draw needles, lancelets, prep pad form povidone-iodine solution, phlebotomy trays and swabs.
A phlebotomist should make sure that appropriate handling and maintaining of phlebotomy supplies is important in reducing the effect of virus and other microbial transfers from one patient to another or from one donor to another. So, a phlebotomist should make sure he sterilizes the phlebotomy supplies which are used for blood collection daily and also frequently to reduce infection. He should also wear gloves and goggles and other protective materials in order to avoid coming in contact with infected urines, blood specimens and other samples in the medical laboratory.
Sterilization of these phlebotomy supplies such as needles, evacuation tubes and syringes can be done by combining Isopropyl alcohol which will come in the form of a prep pad form, swabs and povidone-iodine solution. These may be used to safeguard laboratory materials daily. In most health institutions, some phlebotomy supplies such as phlebotomist trays are usually placed beside the phlebotomist to keep the phlebotomist supplies to his reach. In the same vein, a phlebotomist is advised to keep a disposal bag by the side while collecting blood from the donor.
For one to be a proficient phlebotomist who is skilful and interested in performing his duties to the utmost, he must learn and get acquainted to these phlebotomy supplies. The knowledge of methods and techniques of using these phlebotomy supplies and materials will definitely help a phlebotomist reduce errors and prevent costly mistakes which can easily make him loose his well guarded job. Furthermore, this will also make him act according to the correct laboratory conducts and other laboratory measures.